(Source: Academy of Peace & Development)
CODE OF CONDUCT For THE POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS<![if !supportFootnotes]><![endif]>
December 5, 2002
After holding a series of discussions and consultations during the month of Ramadan regarding the upcoming elections;
that democratic elections will advance the noble struggle of the people of
that free and fair elections offer new opportunities to enlarge freedom and
Appreciating also the risks and threats arising from inexperience in political campaigns and elections, aggravated by limited technical know-how and scarcity of financial resources;
Having further understood the apprehension and anxiety of our people about political campaigns and elections absent from their political life for over thirty-three years;
Realizing that the practice of democracy is never perfect yet, despite the hurdles and risks, the march forward toward democracy must continue with, courage, patience and patriotism,
The political Organizations agreed to follow in letter and spirit the Code of Conduct which they had developed jointly and stated in this document.
First of all, the political Organizations and the Election Commission agreed to give utmost priority to:
and independence of
<![if !supportLists]>2. <![endif]>The maintenance of peace since peace is foundational to democracy as it is life;
<![if !supportLists]>3. <![endif]>Solve all disputes arising among the political Organizations through dialogue; and
<![if !supportLists]>4. <![endif]>Advance free and fair elections.<![if !supportFootnotes]><![endif]>
The political Organizations further agreed that prior to, during, and after elections:
The articles in this Code of Conduct constitute “gentlemen’s agreement” developed to serve the common good. While their infringement does not carry legal penalties, the articles have moral and social weight; hence, their breach must adverse political repercussions for the offending political party.
Infringements of this Code will be dealt with as follows:
<![if !supportLists]>1) <![endif]>The Election Commission, in consultation with the political Organizations, will form an Integrity Watch Committee (see Attachment 1 for the Committees purpose, functions, and other details);
<![if !supportLists]>2) <![endif]>The Integrity Watch Committee will be managed and supervised by the Academy for Peace and Development;
<![if !supportLists]>3) <![endif]>If the Integrity Watch Committee observes infringement of the Code by any political party, or receives formal complaint from a political party, the Committee will carry out thorough investigation of the infringement;
<![if !supportLists]>4) <![endif]>If the infringement is proven without reasonable doubt, the Integrity Watch Committee, in consultation with the Election Commission, will present a first and then (if necessary a second) written warning to the offending political party;
<![if !supportLists]>5) <![endif]>All the political Organizations will receive a copy of all warnings submitted by the Committee;
<![if !supportLists]>6) <![endif]>If the offending political party continues the infringement, the Integrity Watch Committee, the Election Commission, and the other political Organizations will jointly make public announcement when third written warning for the infringement is being submitted to the offending party;
<![if !supportLists]>7) <![endif]>If the political party continues the infringement, the Integrity Watch Committee, the Election Commission, and the other political Organizations will jointly and widely inform the citizens of Somaliland that the offending party is working for sure working against the Code of Conduct agreed upon and therefore against the common good.
Name of the political Organizations Name of Person Signing Signature
ASAD _____________________ ____________
HORMOOD _____________________ ____________
KULMIYE _____________________ ____________
SAHAN _____________________ ____________
UCID _____________________ ____________
UDUB _____________________ ____________
Note: This Code was endorsed by the above political organisations which were contesting the first nation-wide local elections in Somaliland since the 1960s and were also aspiring to become the three political parties allowed under the Somaliland Constitution.
<![if !supportFootnotes]><![endif]> As the declared by law, there are no political organizations before the local elections. Only the three political organizations that emerge from the local elections will be called political Organizations. This Code of Ethics applies to before and after the local elections to all registered organizations or Organizations competing for elections.
<![if !supportFootnotes]><![endif]> These four principles were affirmed in the agreement of political Organizations on 24th July 2002.